The interrelations between mathematics and philosophy in Leibniz´s thought
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This paper consists of three main sections. In the first section we consider how early attempts at understanding the relationship between mathematics and philosophy in Leibniz’s thought were often being made within the framework of grand reconstructions guided by intellectual trends such as the search for “the ideal of system”. In the second section, we proceed to recount Leibniz’s first encounter with contemporary mathematics during his four years of study in Paris presenting some of the earliest mathematical successes which he made there. In particular, we argue that recently published letters and papers reveal how deeply intertwined his youthful mathematical reflexions were with important philosophical insights that, in turn, acted as guiding ideas for his mathematical research. Finally, in the third section we situate the central themes of the essays of the present volume within the new understanding of the interrelations between philosophy and mathematics in Leibniz’s thought briefly indicated in the opening section.